Recall that the star and planets are about 4 light years (40 trillion kilometers) away from us, and according to the latest knowledge, both are similar to the Earth in that they are stone objects and are so far from their star Proxima Centauri that liquid water may be present on their surface. Therefore, they are in the so-called a residential area where biological life can flourish.
The astronomical world is making plans to send space probes to these objects, thanks to which we will be able to better study them and find out if intelligent life forms can really exist there. Unfortunately, we hear very sad news from scientists from the American Carnegie Institution who published their scientific work in the Astrophysical Journal Letter on the activity of the star Proxima Centauri. It turns out that if there was an intelligent civilization on the level of our development on the planet Proxima B, it could have been annihilated a few years ago.
During the observation, which took place on March 24, 2017, horrific events took place in the system that make astronomers sleepless about our sun. There was a gigantic, ten times more energetic burst of X-rays and a plasma ejection than those occurring on the Sun.
The flare increased the brightness of aboutmusics Centauri by 10,000 times in 10 seconds. The entire event lasted just under two minutes, according to data collected by astronomers with the help of the ALMA Observatory. It was enough for a huge cloud of high-energy particles to destroy / blow off the atmosphere of Proxima B and lead to the annihilation of all forms of intelligent life.
Scientists from the Carnegie Institution emphasize that if a similar event happened on the Sun, it would mean a global destruction for our civilization. Even if humanity somehow managed to survive in underground shelters, life on the surface would be impossible, and all electronics in space and on Earth would be irreversibly damaged, thereby reversing our technological development by 200 years.
Astronomers have known for some time that Proxima Centauri is experiencing powerful flares and plasma bursts, but did not think they could be so powerful and life-killing. With heartache, but they recognize that even if Proxima B and other planets that may be in the system may have been viable, in the face of such star activity, there is no point in deluding some intelligent civilizations.
After all, astrobiologists hope that life forms unfamiliar to us may have adapted to such extreme conditions or simply exist beneath the surface where they built their cities. There is also an option that the planet has a powerful magnetic field that fully protects it from radiation.